Infographics: A look into Hong Kong-mainland feud
Below are four infographics that strive to illustrate the widening rift between people in Hong Kong and mainland China. The first two made by Southern Metropolis Weekly visualize subjective answers to 20 questions for Hong Kong people and mainland Chinese, 10 for each side. The other two made by iSun Affairs lay down facts and figures trying to explain why both sides are unhappy. All four infographics have been translated into English by Ministry of Tofu. To view the original version in Chinese, please visit: 1, 2, 3, 4.
Ten questions for mainland Chinese:
1, 36.53% of respondents say they visit Hong Kong one to four times a year. 41.11% visit Hong Kong once every few years.
2, The purpose of your travel to Hong Kong? 69.96%: shopping; 65.91%: tourism.
3, Mainlanders have many ways to learn about Hong Kong. Hong Kong movies play a big role in opening eyes of mainland Chinese to Hong Kong, according to 64.98% of respondents.
4, Where in Hong Kong do you like to go? (Select all that apply.) Tsim Sha Tsui, Mong Kok and Yau Tsim Mong: 69.83%; Causeway Bay, Wan Chai: 55.68%; Sheung Wan, Central, Admiralty: 40.5%
5, Average spending in Hong Kong? ￥0 – 5,000 yuan: 49.74%; ￥5,000 to 10,000 yuan: 32.36%; ￥10,000 to 50,000 yuan: 16.65%; above 50,000 yuan: 1.34%.
6, What’s good about Hong Kong? (Select all that apply.) Legal system, efficiency, professionalism all top 50%. “Paradise for shopping”: 72.91%.
7, What in Hong Kong is hard for mainland Chinese to adapt to? 47.98% say hotel rooms are too small. 34.85% say they feel like misfits because they speak their own dialects instead of Cantonese or English.
8, What’s good about shopping in Hong Kong? “More brands and products”: 66.91%; “Lower prices”: 78.8%; “Reliable quality”: 70.73%.
9. Impression of Hong Kong people? Many say that unlike Taiwanese, Hong Konger’s politeness is only courtesy between strangers and not warmheartedness from the bottom of their hearts.
10, 76.63% are on their best behavior in Hong Kong; 2.93% feel no difference in manners between Hong Kong and mainland; 8.58% say it depends on the occasion; 1% choose to do things their own way and don’t care what Hong Kong people say about it.
Ten questions for Hong Kong people:
1, 28.38% of respondents visit mainland more than 10 times a year.
2, Which city do you visit most often? Shenzhen: 36.49%; Beijing: 18.92%; Shanghai: 17.57%; Guangzhou: 21.62%.
3, The purpose of your travel there? Business: 36.49%; family visit: 25.68%; tourism: 24.32%;
4, What words best describe mainlanders in your eyes? “Shrewd”, “noisy” and “rude” each account for more than 30%.
5, What’s your major source of information about the mainland? Personal experience: 55.42%; literature: 0%.
6, What are your biggest concerns if you are to stay there for over 6 months? (Select all that apply.) Food safety: 74.32%; health care: 56.76%; access to the Internet and information: 50%.
7, Anything good about the mainland? “Vast territory with lots of places of interest”: 52.7%; “Low consumer prices and cost of living”: 35.14%.
8, What are the distinct trademarks of mainlanders? (Select all that apply.) “Loud voice and accent”: 43.24%; “Suitcase and multiple bags”: 6.76%.
9, Can you tell Taiwanese from mainlanders? “Easily, at first sight”: 63.5%; “Sometimes. It depends”: 24.3%;”Hardly”: 8.11%.
10, Which bad habit do you most want mainland tourists to kick? “Disobeying rules for public places” and “Queue-jumping” altogether account for 73.%.
Why mainlanders are unhappy?
Tension between ‘locusts’ and ‘dogs’ is mounting. But people from both the mainland and Hong Kong are unhappy, and with reason. Rational thinking is much more needed than vitriolic attacks. We randomly surveyed white-collar workers in both regions and consulted Hong Kong’s budget plan for the fiscal year 2012 and the mainland tax policies in an effort to calculate their expenditure and find the root of the problem from everyday bills.
Why Hongkongers are unhappy?
The ‘locust’ argument has caused quite a stir. But Hong Kong people’s anger is well-founded. The following infographic explains it all.
- Differences in Values
1. Fear of loss of speech freedom:
Hong Kong’s ranking on Press Freedom Index by Reports Without Borders dropped 20 places to the 54th.
Every year since 1990, candlelight vigils are held on June 4 in Victoria Park, Hong Kong, commemorating victims of Tiananmen Square massacre. In 2008, attendance was 48,000. It surged to 150,000 in 2009 and the next 2 years.
2. Concern over ideological infiltration
70% of teachers in Hong Kong oppose addition of national education classes. Only 18% say yes. 12% ‘No comment.’
3. Identity crisis
Percentage of Hong Kong people who identify themselves as Chinese hit a historic low in 12 years: 17%. 38% see themselves as Hong Kongers, a record high in the past 10 years.
- Plunder of Resources
In 2010, 796 pregnant women from the mainland crashed ERs unannounced. 36.9% of newborns in Hong Kong were born to mainland parents.
From 2004 to February 2011, over 310,000 Chinese entrants arrived in Hong Kong with one-way permit, 73.7% of whom are wives of Hong Kongers.
From 2003 to 2010, 7,823 immigrated to Hong Kong through investment, which totaled HK$47.3 billion.
Number of mainland students on scholarships from Hong Kong: 791 in 1996; 8,724 in 2010.
In 2011, percentage of Hong Kong property sold to mainland homebuyers: 19.2%, which amounts to HK$60 billion in value.
- Differences in Lifestyles
In 2011, Hong Kong received 28.1 million mainland visitors, 18.3 million of whom came under individual visit scheme. The increase over 2003 is 26-fold.
Bad manners of some tourists have annoyed Hong Kongers.
When unhappy, throw tantrums
- April 10, 2011
150 Hong Kong netizens took to the street to protest disbursing HK$6,000 tax refund to immigrants form the mainland.
- August, 2011
Vice premier Li Keqiang visited Hong Kong. Police arrested people wearing Redress Tiananmen Massacre T-shirts, cracked down on student demonstration, causing discontent.
- October 23, 2011
Demonstration against mainland women giving birth in Hong Kong erupted.
- December, 2011
Local students and mainland students in Hong Kong universities quarreled over party membership, student housing and diploma.
- January, 2012
Video of mainland child snacking on Hong Kong subway train sparked criticism and crossfire.
- February 1, 2012
Hong Kong netizens ran full-page ‘locust’ ad in newspaper to protest mainland parents giving birth in Hong Kong and taking up resources.